Do I need a visa as an EU citizen?
No, citizens of the EU, Iceland, Norway, Liechtenstein and Switzerland (and other countries with bilateral agreements) may stay in Hungary without a visa or any special permit. It is sufficient to possess a valid travel document (passport or national identity card).
If your stay is shorter than 90 days, you do not need visa. If you stay longer than 90 days, you do not need visa either, but you have to announce it to the Immigration Office and you will receive a registration certificate.
Please check the relevant pageof EURAXESS Hungary.
I am a foreign researcher from a non-EU country. What type of visa do I need to stay for two months?
First, please check the relevant page of the Hungarian EURAXESS websitein order to see if the country of your origin has bilateral agreement with Hungary. If not, and you come to Hungary for a period shorter than 90 days, you can apply for a “Type C” visa (“scientific visa”). Your visa application can be filed at a Hungarian Embassy located in the country of which you are a citizen or in which you have long-term or permanent residence status. Issuing scientific visa is free of charge.
I am a foreign researcher from a non-EU country. What type of visa do I need for me and my family to stay for one year?
If you plan to reside in Hungary for more than 90 daysfor the purposes of scientific research first you have to apply for scientific visa for 90 days, then apply for the “Residence Permit for the Purpose of Scientific Research”. This special visa is available for researchers who have concluded a Hosting Agreement with a research organization.
Your family members can apply for a long-term residence permit for the purpose of family reunification, at the Hungarian diplomatic mission in your country of origin or in Hungary.
Your visa application can be filed at a Hungarian Embassy located in the country of which you are a citizen or in which you have long-term or permanent residence status.
Which documents do I have to provide for the application?
- Fully completed and signed application form
- standard photos 3,5 x 4,5 cm
- valid passport
- an agreement signed with an accredited scientific organization
- documents supporting the financial conditions necessary for living in Hungary
- documents supporting the existence of Hungarian accommodation
- documents supporting the existence of an all-inclusive health insurance
- documents supporting the existence of the provisions to leave the country
How much does it cost to apply for the residence permit?
The fee is 60 EURO. You have to pay this amount when you apply.
Is it possible to travel to other EU-countries?
“Scientific visa” and “Residence Permit for the Purpose of Scientific Research” allows you to travel around in the whole Schengen-area.
Do I need a work permit if I am an EU citizen?
No, citizens of the EU/EEA and Switzerland do not need a work permit.
Do I need a work permit if I am a researcher from a third country?
Researchers, who are third-country nationals, does not need a work permit, if
- he/she works in a job that performs an activity which is subject to an agreement between Hungary and an other country, and
- it is supported by a certificate issued by the Hungarian Academy of Sciences based on applications for a postdoctoral jobs in the frame of a tender, or
- is enabled to work based on the János Bolyai Research Scholarship.
The exemption does not apply to work that is not covered by the above mentioned exemption activities, thus work permit is required to carry out any other activities
Social security and health insurance
What kind of health care am I entitled to as a foreign researcher employed in Hungary?
If you come to Hungary for work, before travelling please, get information from your local social security authority about your coverage status while you are in another country. Also ask your Hungarian employer before about the possibility to get a social security number/card (TAJ number/card) in Hungary. If you have this number, you are entitled for full medical care and sick-pay in Hungary and will not need a supplementary insurance during your work time in the country.
Do I need health insurance for the period before starting my job?
Yes, you must be insured for the period between your date of arrival in Hungary and starting your employment. Either you should have a full-coverage travel health insurance or you should have a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC).
How can I find a doctor?
You have the right to choose any GP. If you are covered by public health insurance, make sure that the selected doctor has a contract with your insurance company, otherwise you will have to pay in full for any health checks. You can obtain a list of GPs from your health insurance company, municipal offices, the Catalogue of doctors and facilities or the local phonebook.
If I need to go to a medical specialist, what do I do?
If you need necessary medically treatment, it is advised to see a general practitioner (GP) first. The GP decides whether further specialised out, or inpatient treatment is necessary and will issue a referral. The specialised outpatient care, typically available at outpatient centres, is rendered generally upon referral. However, you may seek outpatient care without referral if the treatment relates to dermatology, gynaecology, urology, otolaryngology, ophthalmology, oncology or general surgery. Hospital treatment is normally provided through a referral from a GP, in urgent cases no referral is necessary.
Am I eligible to social security benefits in Hungary?
If you are employed and have social security number/card (TAJ number/card), you are entitled for full medical care and sick-pay in Hungary and will not need a supplementary insurance. If you are arriving from countries with which Hungary has a bilaterial social security agreement - Serbia, Macedonia, Bosnia-Hercegovina, Montenegro, Kosovo – you do not need to pay social security contribution in Hungary, but you can get a Hungarian health insurance number/card and therefore are entitled for full medical care and sick-pay. In case of all other non EEA country citizens social security contribution must be paid in Hungary in order to get the Hungarian health insurance number/card.
Can I use my driver’s license issued in another EU country?
Any EEA-issued driver’s licence can be used in Hungary without time limitation as long as it is valid. If it expires before you leave Hungary, it is suggested to request it to be exchanged to a Hungarian driver’s license before the expiry date. This will mean some paperwork and associated costs but it is inevitable if the license is about to expire.
There is only one exception to this rule: if your driver’s license does not contain a date of expiry, then you have to exchange it to a Hungarian one after two years from your entry to Hungary.
Under which conditions a female postdoc of U.S. citizenship working in Hungary will be entitled for maternity leave and subsidies?
Maternity leaveproper: its length is maximum 24 weeks, you can start it 4 weeks before the expected birth of the baby the earliest or on the day of the birth the latest. Between these limits the starting date can be negotiated with the employer.
Subsidies provided by the Hungarian State Treasury:
- Family Allowance(monthly) – generally its amount is 12,200 HUF for one child, available after the birth of the child.
- Child Raising Support(GYES, monthly), available until the child is 3 years old, but not together with the THGYS or GYED (see below). Its current amount is 28,500 HUF (subject to social security deductions).
- Birth Grant(one-time lump sum) amounting to 64,125 HUF. Its prerequisite is showing proof of prenatal medical checkups undertaken in Hungary.
These subsidies are available also for long-term residents or migrant workers. The most important condition of these subsidies is having residence in Hungary. Hungarian resident card („address card”), social security card and tax card are needed for the application. For more information please check: http://www.allamkincstar.gov.hu/english/family-related_policies_and_regulations
Subsidies provided by National Health Insurance Fund of Hungary:
- Pregnancy support(THGYS):This is a monthly financial support available for the duration of the maternity leave (ie. for 24 weeks). The prerequisite is having at least 365 prior days of insured status in Hungary („insured” meaning covered by the social security system, also provided by the NHIF) or in the EU in 2 years’ time before the birth of the baby. Insured status can be given for those who are employed or have fellowship grant in Hungary or in the EU. The amount of pregnancy support is 70% of the average daily earnings calculated based on the 180 days before the start of the support (there is no top limit to the amount).
- Maternity benefit(GYED):this is also monthly and is available following the maternity leave until the 2nd birthday of the child. The prerequisite is having at least 365 days of insured status in Hungary or in the EU in the 2 years before the birth of the baby. The amount of maternity benefit support is 70% of the avarage daily income in 180 days before the start of the support, but has a top limit of 142,100 HUF per month. The mother is not required to work during the period she is receiving the GYED, but may elect to work after the child reached 1 year of age. The GYED is available for either of the parents (not just the mother) but not simultaneously to both.